If you think terminology such as ‘parallelism’, ‘entanglement’, ‘qubytes’ and ‘iontraps’ make you look cool, you are a true QC nerd! Quantum computing is the area of study focused on developing computer technology based on the principles of quantum theory, which explains the nature and behavior of energy and matter on the quantum (atomic and subatomic) level.
To explain the difference between Classical computing and Quantum Computing, Classical Computing is based on Boolean Algebra which work in a 7-mode logic gate principle. In its binary state, data is either on or off – those are the ones and zeroes. Moore’s Law and other principles have already helped to understand the size of transistors and chips versus their speeds, but there Classical Computing has limits.
On the other hand, Quantum Computing works on a 2-mode logic gate (XOR) and Q01 and pulls from the two most relevant principles of quantum physics: superposition and entagement. A Quantum Computer uses a several types of particles such as electrons and protons where their charge represents the zeros and ones. It is these individual particles that are known as quantum bits or qubits. In short, the quantum computers are used to help solve the really complex problems and able to move beyond the physical limitations of conventional, classical technology. Which means they are at a high cost… until now.
On May 4, 2016, IBM announced that its scientists have built a quantum processor users can access through a first-of-a-kind quantum computing platform delivered via the IBM Cloud onto any desktop or mobile device. IBM believes quantum computing is the future of computing and has the potential to solve certain problems that are impossible to solve on today’s supercomputers.
According to Dr. Babur Habib, “This announcement is cool because it allows everyone to play with a QC, otherwise it’s too costly to get one. It lets a QC enthusiast play with quantum algorithms and become familiar with them. A 5-bit computer isn’t much to play with but it’s a start.” Dr. Habib has a PhD in Semiconductor physics from Princeton University and is a recognized authority in electrical engineering and the design of integrated circuits.
The release explains that the quantum processor is composed of five superconducting qubits and is housed at the IBM T.J. Watson Research Center in New York. The five-qubit processor represents the latest advancement in IBM’s quantum architecture that can scale to larger quantum systems and is the leading approach towards building a universal quantum computer. There has been tremendous progress and interest in the field of quantum of computing in recent years. By giving users access to the IBM Quantum Experience, businesses and organizations will begin to understand the technology’s potential, universities will be able to grow their teaching programs in quantum computing and related subjects, and students will become aware of the promising new career paths.